We are going to begin this study with the parent root “kol” (Strong’s #3605) which means “all”.
From this parent root comes the child root “kalal” (Strong’s #3634) which means “to make complete” usually translated as “perfect” and is only found in two verses:
| Thy borders are in the midst of the seas, thy builders have perfected thy beauty. (Ezekiel 27:4)
The men of Arvad with thine army were upon thy walls round about, and the Gammadims were in thy towers: they hanged their shields upon thy walls round about; they have made thy beauty perfect. (Ezekiel 27:11)
Derived from this child root is the noun “kallah” (Strong’s #3618), which has two related meanings at different times.
In the earlier books of the Torah and the Writings, this word means “daughter-in-law”.
|And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran his son’s son, and Sarai his daughter in law… (Genesis 11:31)|
It appears that the connection between the root “kalal” meaning “to complete” and the noun “kallah” meaning “daughter-in-law” is that once “a wife is found for a son” the family is now “complete”
In some of the later books of the Bible this word is used for a “bride” or “spouse”.
| Thy lips, O my spouse, drop as the honeycomb: honey and milk are under thy tongue; and the smell of thy garments is like the smell of Lebanon. (SS 4:11)
Can a maid forget her ornaments, or a bride her attire? yet my people have forgotten me days without number. (Jeremiah 2:32)