Daughter-in-law – Kallah






We are going to begin this study with the parent root “kol” (Strong’s #3605) which means “all”.

From this parent root comes the child root “kalal” (Strong’s #3634) which means “to make complete” usually translated as “perfect” and is only found in two verses:

Thy borders are in the midst of the seas, thy builders have perfected thy beauty. (Ezekiel 27:4)

The men of Arvad with thine army were upon thy walls round about, and the Gammadims were in thy towers: they hanged their shields upon thy walls round about; they have made thy beauty perfect. (Ezekiel 27:11)

Derived from this child root is the noun “kallah” (Strong’s #3618), which has two related meanings at different times.

In the earlier books of the Torah and the Writings, this word means “daughter-in-law”.

And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran his son’s son, and Sarai his daughter in law… (Genesis 11:31)

It appears that the connection between the root “kalal” meaning “to complete” and the noun “kallah” meaning “daughter-in-law” is that once “a wife is found for a son” the family is now “complete”

In some of the later books of the Bible this word is used for a “bride” or “spouse”.

Thy lips, O my spouse, drop as the honeycomb: honey and milk are under thy tongue; and the smell of thy garments is like the smell of Lebanon. (SS 4:11)

Can a maid forget her ornaments, or a bride her attire? yet my people have forgotten me days without number. (Jeremiah 2:32)

Strong’s: #3605 – https://biblehub.com/hebrew/3605.htm – #3634 – https://biblehub.com/hebrew/3634.htm – #3618 – https://biblehub.com/hebrew/3618.htm

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