אֶבֶן Strong’s #68 ehven

And if thou make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stones; for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it.

Exodus 20:25

In the land of Israel stones were a common building material. The Hebrew word even (stone) is related to several other words, all related to “building.” Banah (Strongs #1129) is a verb meaning to build. Bohen (Strongs #931) is “the thumb,” considered to be the builder, as the thumb is necessary for doing any work. Ben (Strongs #1121) is the Hebrew word “son,” the building stones of the family.


כּוֹכָב Strong’s #3556 kokav

And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and number the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be.

Genesis 15:5

Of course we know that stars are extremely large balls of gas trillions and trillions of miles out in space, but how did the Ancient Hebrew perceive the stars? Reading the Bible must be from the Hebrew perspective, not ours. The Hebrews, being nomads, lived in black goat hair tents. The hair fabric had pinholes of light and when looking up at the tent roof, it looked just like the night sky. This is alluded to in Isaiah 40:22: God stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in.


עָמַד Strong’s #5975 amad

And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God was.

Exodus 20:21

This verb means “to stand” but can be used in a wide variety of applications, such as to be erect or upright, to remain or maintain in the sense of standing in one place or to establish or appoint in the sense of being stood in a position. The noun form, amud (Strongs #5982), is a pillar which stands firm and tall. Both the verb and noun form can be found in Exodus 14:19: and the pillar (amud) of the cloud went from before their face, and stood (amad) behind them.


בֵּן Strong’s #1121 ben

Thou shalt betroth a wife, and another man shall lie with her: thou shalt build a house, and thou shalt not dwell therein: thou shalt plant a vineyard, and shalt not use the fruit thereof.

Deuteronomy 28:30

In the original pictographic script, the first letter for this was a picture of a tent or house. The second letter was the picture of a seed. The seed is a new generation of life that will grow and produce a new generation; therefore, this letter can mean “to continue.” When combined, these two letters form the word meaning “to continue the house.” This word is related to the verb banah (Strongs #1129), which means to “build,” as one “builds a house” with children. Another related Hebrew word is even (Strongs #68), which is “stone,” and stones are also used to “build a house.”


קֶלַע Strong’s #7050 qela

So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and smote the Philistine, and slew him; but there was no sword in the hand of David.

1 Samuel 17:50

The sling was a common weapon carried by shepherds to defend the flock; however, modern versions of a sling are very different from those original weapons. The stones were generally 2 to 3 inches in diameter and carefully chipped into a perfect sphere. It was not slung in circles above the head, but slung in one arc in the same manner as a softball is pitched and could be thrown with very surprising force, accuracy and distance. It is a deadly weapon and was used by most all ancient armies of the Ancient Near East.